Construction of industrial robot application and m

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Analysis on the construction and teaching of industrial robot application and maintenance major in Secondary Vocational Education, At the same time, it can make teaching closely related to the needs of enterprises, closely follow the pace of reform and innovation of enterprises, and meet the future social market demand for high-quality and highly skilled talents

key words: industrial robots, professional construction, teaching reform

Chinese Library Classification Number: g718.1

document identification code: a article number:

in the government work report made by Premier Li Keqiang at this year's two sessions, he mentioned "made in China 2025" three times and proposed to further implement "made in China 2025" [1]. Robots, as one of the ten key areas of breakthrough development, are bound to grow more rapidly. In 2016, the output of industrial robots in China has reached 72400, with a year-on-year increase of 34.3%. According to this growth rate, according to the calculation that one maintenance personnel is required for every 10 robots, it is expected that the whole market will need nearly 100000 robot application talents in the next five years

at the same time, in recent years, with the rapid development of intelligent manufacturing industry, the sharp rise of labor capital and the rapid change of workers' mentality in choosing jobs, industrial robots are gradually entering various industrial positions in enterprises to replace workers who perform repetitive operations, precision operations and harsh environmental operations. So far, the market has created a demand for highly skilled talents related to the application and maintenance of industrial robots. The survey shows that at present, the number of employees engaged in equipment maintenance, repair and management equipment preservation in enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta is generally in short supply, with low academic qualifications, older age, weak comprehensive skills and other problems, especially those skilled in the production, commissioning, maintenance and other technical talents of industrial robot equipment. It can be seen that doing a good job in the construction and teaching of industrial robot application and maintenance specialty is to meet the needs of the development of industrial technology. A series of research results have been obtained: compared with the imported catalyst Z501, the developed pressure pipe special catalyst is suitable for the training of high skilled talents [2]

with the development of the industry, in recent years, various vocational and technical colleges have successively opened industrial robot related majors, but it has not achieved the expected good effect. The specific situation is as follows:

(1) specialty opening

at present, the industrial robot technology professionals who have received professional training in China probably come from two ways: one is trained by enterprises, and the other is the training of Vocational Colleges (including technical colleges). From the situation reflected by the opening of industrial robot related majors, there are mainly the following forms

① as a direction of electrical engineering automation or electromechanical equipment integration. As the major of industrial robot technology is a new major, what kind of people to cultivate and how to cultivate such people, and where the trained people work are the primary problems encountered by many colleges in setting up related majors

② as a new major. Only a few secondary vocational schools (including technical colleges) in China offer robot application and maintenance majors as independent majors. As independent majors, they need to have clear talent training goals and corresponding industrial support. There are many kinds of industrial robots, and the industries in which industrial robots are applied are also very broad. The primary problem to be solved by schools is what kind of people to cultivate, how to cultivate such people, and where to cultivate such people. Many schools have corresponding majors, but there is no clear idea of specialty construction

⑵ problems in professional teaching

from the perspective of coastal provinces that have set up this major, have a certain school running history and have certain teaching strength, there are also great differences in the teaching status of colleges and universities, and there are many problems, mainly:

① there are great differences in practical teaching conditions. The construction of industrial robot application and maintenance specialty has high requirements for hardware training conditions. The problems of training teaching conditions include two aspects: first, the training teaching conditions (venues, equipment) are generally unable to meet; Second, the training conditions are far from the on-site standards of real robot posts, resulting in the students who can't connect with enterprises. For example, the enterprise welding robot is designed according to the welding process, while the school is only a training environment designed to simulate the welding process, without considering the real welding effect

② the shortage of teachers is serious. The current situation of less industrial robot application and maintenance majors and insufficient professional talent training in vocational colleges is often subject to the shortage of professional teachers. At present, the teachers of robotics in Colleges and universities come from two aspects: one is the teachers of the original mechanical and electrical majors, and the other is the introduction of enterprises. The former is relatively familiar with teaching, but its "weakness" is the lack of understanding of professional posts and relatively lack of operational skills; The latter has a better understanding of professional posts and relatively strong operating skills, but its "weakness" is its poor teaching ability. Therefore, the two types of teachers have their own strengths and weaknesses, and there are indeed not many teachers who can be good at both. If these teachers take up teaching posts as professional backbone teachers, they obviously feel that their professional ability or teaching ability (including practical ability) is weak

③ lack of teaching resources. As a new major, there is no accumulation of teaching resources, and resources for reference from professional standards to curriculum materials, from school running mode to curriculum system are relatively scarce. It is difficult for new schools or schools preparing to open related majors to build their majors

combined with these conditions, the author believes that the major of industrial robot application and maintenance must be constructed as a major in secondary vocational technical colleges, and the relevant teaching documents and teaching resources must be developed, together with the corresponding teaching equipment, so as to further promote the reform and innovation of talent training and teaching methods in this major. Therefore, the construction and teaching of industrial robot application and maintenance specialty should include these aspects in the specific implementation process:

(1) the concept of specialty construction

first, adhere to the service industry and employment, and give consideration to high-end guidance and connotation development. At the same time, it is also necessary to meet the personal development needs of the educated, so that students can achieve success in learning and achieve high-quality employment by paying equal attention to the cultivation of interests and skills. The construction of industrial robot specialty is the main path for Vocational and technical colleges to improve their core competitiveness and sustainable development vitality, and it is also an important guarantee for the reform and innovation of current colleges and universities. Colleges and universities are bound to aim at the training objectives of highly skilled talents in high-end fields of technology, pillar industries and strategic emerging industries in the region, as well as enterprises above Designated Size, pay attention to quality education for students, cultivate craftsman spirit, consolidate professional foundation, and adhere to the road of high-end guidance and connotative development

(2) goal of professional construction

in the process of professional construction, we should actively comply with the industrial development strategy of the region, give priority to serving the economic construction of the region, clarify the goal of professional construction and adjust and optimize the structure of the specialty according to the needs of the reform and improvement of regional industrial layout. To innovate the professional development mechanism, we should take the technical ability as the main line, explore and implement talent training methods, deepen the innovation of curriculum system and practical operation content, strengthen the construction of teaching staff, and better cultivate high-quality and highly skilled industrial robot technology professionals. Therefore, the construction of this major should focus on exploring the construction of school enterprise cooperation mechanism and innovative skilled personnel training mode. Through exploring the construction of the operation mechanism of the school enterprise mutual aid education mode, it aims to cultivate high-quality skilled talents who can adapt to the survival and development of enterprises, and further contribute to the reform and innovation of the traditional manufacturing industry in this region. The innovative training mode of skilled talents is to continuously accumulate experience in the construction of this major and gradually explore the effective ways and methods of quality education in this major

(3) design of professional teaching

Application and maintenance of industrial robots is a new major. The design concept of teaching can directly adopt the integrated teaching of "learning, doing and teaching" implemented by the Ministry of education in vocational schools, plan the supporting and technical implementation of various teaching resources from the perspective of professional curriculum design, and deal with the actual work tasks from enterprises in a teaching way to form a systematic task suitable for teaching and training, And supporting relevant teaching equipment and training practice environment, and then providing teaching materials and other teaching resources according to courses and equipment to form a complete integrated teaching design. According to this requirement, the setting and teaching arrangement of professional courses should be optimized and integrated, so as to build a professional course system that meets the requirements of vocational education laws and talent training specifications

at the same time, actively promote the teaching mode of the integration of subject knowledge systematization and work process systematization, theoretical teaching and practical teaching, and gradually weaken the boundary between theoretical teaching and practical teaching, classroom and practical training room; Explore the integrated teaching method according to the working process, the formation and training process of application ability and operation skills, realize the correspondence between the teaching environment and the internal environment of the enterprise, the teaching content and the actual work site, the teaching process and the specific operation of the post, and embody the characteristics of Vocational and technical education that "takes ability as the standard, takes post skills as the basis, and takes the working process as the characteristics"

as a new major, it is bound to combine the curriculum system and practical teaching to develop and build new forms of integrated teaching resources based on digitalization. Plan and subdivide the corresponding teaching projects and design learning tasks according to the specific work contents of professional posts, guide students to gradually complete work and learning tasks as planned, and build their own knowledge and skills. The development of digital teaching resources can be implemented by imitating the actual production of enterprises and combining training venues and training equipment

(4) design of professional training venues

suggestions on the design of the professional training and teaching venues: Based on the principle of "based on the current, giving consideration to development"; The combination of overall planning and step-by-step implementation; The acquisition of ready-made equipment is combined with customized equipment (self solving the problems of lack of utilization evaluation, long formulation cycle of new material standards, etc.). Of course, qualified schools should build the training center of their major into a training center that meets the "five Orientations" (the orientation of integrated teaching curriculum reform, the orientation of vocational skills competition, the orientation of social skills training, the orientation of production and product research and development, and the orientation of incubation base for highly skilled talents). In the specific planning of the training studio, we should pay attention to the transformation of typical work tasks, which is consistent with the actual skills of the enterprise; Single skill and comprehensive skill training are embodied at the same time; The difficulty of skills goes from shallow to deep, which conforms to the teaching law; Modular design, suitable for all learning tasks; Allow secondary development to facilitate the innovation and continuation of teachers and students; The selection of equipment must be market-oriented, with reference to enterprises, and must be brand, progressiveness, forward-looking, representative and extensive

for example, when designing the basic skill studio of industrial robots, the robot body should choose abb, KUKA, Yaskawa or FANUC

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